Line is the path of a point moving through space.
Shape / Form
Shape implies spatial form and is usually perceived as two-dimensional. Form has depth, length, and width and resides in space. It is perceived as three-dimensional.
Colors all come from the three primaries and black and white. They have three properties – hue, value, and intensity.
Value refers to relative lightness and darkness and is perceived in terms of varying levels of contrast.
Texture refers to the tactile qualities of a surface (actual) or to the visual representation of such surface qualities (implied).
Space / Perspective
Space refers to the area in which art is organized. Perspective is representing a volume of space or a 3-dimensional object on a flat surface.